Air pollution kills half a million babies a year worldwide!!

Polluted air kills 500,000 babies every year across the globe, a new report concludes. Data from the state of global air report show that indoor air quality affects health in the womb and causes two-thirds of neonatal deaths. The report shows that air pollution is linked with an increased risk of low birth weight and preterm birth. Babes born too small or too early are more susceptible to health problems such as lower-respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, and brain damage. They could also suffer from inflammation, blood disorders, and jaundice. Low birth weight and preterm birth are leading risk factors for death in the first month of life.

This world contributes to an estimated 1.8 million deaths worldwide. Several factors can contribute to low birth weight and preterm birth. Being pregnant with more than one baby and the mother's health can play a role. Many of these risk factors are influenced by sociodemographic factors that increase a women's risk of being exposed to high levels of air pollution.

As a result, women in countries with low levels of sociodemographic development are especially at risk for adverse birth outcomes. Researchers estimate that 476,000 infants died in their first month of life in 2019. Deaths were caused by health effects associated with air pollution exposure. Household air pollution accounts for most pollution-attributable newborn deaths 64% of neonatal deaths linked to air pollution globally are related to household air pollution.

The rest are linked to ambient pm 2.5. Fine particulate matter (pm 2.5) is an air pollutant. Babies in regions where cooking with solid fuels is most prevalent have both the highest rates and the highest numbers of deaths attributable to air pollution.

These regions include sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. In sub-Saharan Africa, about 80% of the nearly 236,000 deaths in the first month of life are attributable to household air pollution in South Asia, 50% of the 186, 000 deaths are attributable to household air pollution. Nearly 500,000 newborns died in 2019 as a result of air pollution exposure. Researchers don't know yet the biological reasons for the relation between air pollution and adverse birth outcomes. But it is thought that air pollution may affect the mother, her fetus, or both.