NASA just announced the discovery of water on the Moon's surface. Astronomers from NASA gathered strong evidence for the existence of water on the moon. This discovery may alter future missions to the moon and deeper space exploration. Our moon doesn't have an atmosphere that insulates it from the sun's rays.
SOFIA has detected water molecules (H2O) in the Calvirus crater. It is one of the largest craters located in the Moon's southern hemisphere. Data from this location reveal water in concentrations of 100 to 412 parts per million trapped in a cubic meter of soil spread across the lunar surface.
As a comparison, the Sahara desert has 100 times the amount of water that SOFIA detected in the lunar soil. Scientists don't know how small amounts of water are created and how they persist on the harsh, airless lunar surface.
Other missions found evidence of hydration in sunnier regions. SOFIA flies at altitudes of up to 13,700 meters (45,000 feet). Using its faint object infrared camera for the SOFIA telescope. SOFIA was able to pick up the specific wavelength unique to water molecules.